Cyclone Biporjoy : The potent cyclonic storm “Biporjoy” is projected to strike between Kutch in Gujarat and Karachi in Pakistan. For comprehensive details regarding the path, current location, and regions impacted by Cyclone Biporjoy, especially for UPSC exam preparation.
Cyclone Biparjoy is an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm that formed in the North Indian Ocean in 2023. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) began monitoring the potential for cyclonic circulation in the Arabian Sea on June 1, 2023. By June 5, a cyclonic circulation had formed over the Arabian Sea and a low-pressure area had developed as a result of this circulation. The next day, this system significantly intensified into a depression.
Cyclone Biparjoy Name
The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the system, and the IMD upgraded the depression to a deep depression, subsequently naming it Biporjoy.
As the cyclone evolved, the JTWC initiated advisories and classified it as Tropical Cyclone 02A. The storm steadily strengthened, gaining Category 1-equivalent winds of 130 km/h (80 mph). By 00:00 UTC on 7 June, the IMD upgraded the system to a severe cyclonic storm with winds of 100 km/h (65 mph).
As a result of several meteorological phenomena, Biparj oy was upgraded to a very severe cyclonic storm at 06:00 UTC, at which point the system became a Category 2-equivalent tropical cyclone on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale.
Later, the cyclone was sheared due to moderate easterly vertical wind shear, causing it to weaken slightly. However, Biparjoy unexpectedly rapidly intensified and became a Category 3-equivalent cyclone on 11 June. Biparjoy reached its peak intensity as an extremely severe cyclonic storm, with maximum 3-minute sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph).
As of my current knowledge cut-off in September 2021, I don’t have the full details on the effects or the aftermath of the cyclone. For the most updated information, you may want to check the latest news or weather reports.
Cyclones, including Cyclone Biporjoy, form due to a combination of several different environmental factors and processes. Here’s a simplified explanation of how this occurs:
- Sea Surface Temperature: For a cyclone to form, the sea surface temperature typically needs to be above 26.5°C (80°F). Warm sea surface temperatures provide the energy needed for storm development.
- Atmospheric Instability: Warmer air near the sea surface begins to rise, creating low pressure near the surface of the ocean. As this warm air rises, it cools and condenses to form clouds and rain through a process called convection. The condensation also releases latent heat, which warms the cool air above, causing it to rise and creating a cycle of warm air rising and cool air sinking. This cycle can lead to the formation of a cyclone if other conditions are met.
- Low Vertical Wind Shear: Wind shear is the difference in wind speed or direction over a short distance in the atmosphere. Lower wind shear is favorable for cyclone formation because it allows the cyclone to maintain a consistent structure from the surface to higher levels of the atmosphere. High wind shear can disrupt the structure of the cyclone, preventing it from forming or causing it to weaken.
- Coriolis Effect: The rotation of the Earth causes moving air to be deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. This deflection, known as the Coriolis Effect, helps to give the cyclone its distinctive spin.
In the case of Cyclone Biparjoy, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) began monitoring a potential cyclonic circulation in the Arabian Sea on June 1, 2023. By June 5, this cyclonic circulation had formed over the Arabian Sea, and a low-pressure area had developed due to this circulation. The system intensified into a depression the following day, and the IMD subsequently upgraded it to a deep depression and then a cyclonic storm, naming it Biporjoy. The system continued to intensify over the following days, eventually reaching its peak intensity as an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm on June 11, with maximum 3-minute sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph).
Which area is affected by Cyclone Biporjoy?
The Indian Meteorological Department announced on Monday that a storm brewing off the western coast of India has escalated into a formidable cyclone. It’s anticipated to strike the western region of Gujarat in India and the southern areas of Pakistan later this week. Saurashtra, Kutch and adjoining Pakistan coasts between Mandvi (Gujarat) and Karachi (Pakistan) near Jakhau Port (Gujarat).
What is Biparjoy cyclone?
Cyclone Biparjoy is an “extremely severe cyclonic storm” that was formed in June 2023. It has been forecasted to make landfall between the Kutch district in Gujarat, India, and Karachi, Pakistan, on June 15. It evolved from a cyclonic circulation over the Arabian Sea and has intensified into a major storm, with maximum 3-minute sustained winds reaching 165 km/h (105 mph). This cyclone has affected areas in both India and Pakistan.
Where is cyclone Biporjoy?
Cyclone Biparjoy is currently positioned over the east-central Arabian Sea, having moved north-east at a pace of 8 kmph over the previous six hours. It is anticipated to maintain its north-northeast trajectory and is predicted to make landfall as an extremely severe cyclonic storm.
Which cyclone hit Mumbai?
Cyclone Biparjoy impact on Maharashtra.
Who named cyclone Biparjoy?
The name ‘Biparjoy’ for the cyclone was put forth by Bangladesh, with the India Meteorological Department overseeing the selection of names for cyclones in the North Indian Ocean.
Where will cyclone Biparjoy hit?
The cyclone Biparjoy is anticipated to strike between Mandvi in Gujarat and Karachi in Pakistan, with peak sustained winds forecasted to be in the range of 125-135kmph (78-84mph) and gusts potentially reaching up to 150kmph (93mph).