Largest Countries in the World Top – 10 List with Area


The world is home to a vast collection of nations, with each one thriving in its way. Population, economy, culture, and area are some of the critical factors that determine a country’s growth. Here, we’ll take a look at the largest countries in the world by land area.

Largest Countries in the World

RankCountryLand Area (km²)
4United States9,147,593

Top 10 Countries List with Area

The world has many different countries, some big and some small. Out of all the land on Earth, 198 countries make up 29% of it, while water covers the remaining 71%. Countries keep growing their borders. The ten biggest countries together cover half of the world’s land.

Largest Countries

Each country has unique borders that make up its size. Different countries might use different ways to measure their land, but they all show how big the country is. Here, we’ll list the top 10 countries based on the size of the land they occupy.

1. Russia: Area Occupied- 17,098,242 km²/ 11%

Russia is the biggest country, covering 17,098,242 square kilometers or about 11% of the world’s land. It’s in both Europe and Asia. The north of Russia has icy land while the south has warm beaches. Russia has the most forests, freshwater lakes, and active volcanoes in the world.

More than 144 million people live in Russia, making it the ninth most populated country. But, it also has many empty and faraway places because it’s so big.

Russia has lots of resources like oil, gas, coal, diamonds, gold, and other metals. Its size, resources, and location make it a powerful country in politics and the economy.

So, Russia’s size, different landscapes, and resources make it an important country in the world.

2. Canada: Area Occupied- 9,903,507 km²/ 6.1%

Canada is the world’s second-biggest country, covering 9,903,507 km², or about 6.1% of Earth’s land.

It has different landscapes like mountains, lakes, forests, and coasts. Canada has the most significant freshwater system, the Great Lakes, and the longest coastline, over 243,000 kilometers.

Canada has many resources like minerals, wood, animals, and oil. These resources help its economy, making Canada a rich country.

The land in Canada has forests, cold lands, and mountains. It has some of the coldest winters, but people enjoy activities like skiing, ice skating, and snowmobiling.

Canada’s size, resources, landscapes, and location make it a crucial and wealthy country with a mix of cultures.

3. China: Area Occupied-9,326,410  km²/ 6.3%

China is the world’s third-biggest country, covering 9,326,410  km², or about 6.3% of Earth’s land.

It has various landscapes like high mountains, big deserts, and fertile lands. China has some of the longest rivers, like the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, and the most people, with over 1.4 billion living there.

China’s size, location, and politics make it important globally. Its economy is the second biggest, and it exports the most goods.

China has a long and rich history, with famous places like the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Army. However, it faces challenges like air pollution, food shortages, and environmental problems.

China’s size, different landscapes, and culture make it an important country in the world. Its growing economy and global power mean it will be even more important in the future.

4. USA: Area Occupied- 9,147,593 km²/ 6.1%

The United States is the fourth-biggest country, covering 9,147,593 square kilometers, or about 6.1% of Earth’s land.

The U.S. has different landscapes like grasslands, mountains, forests, and deserts. It has natural wonders like the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park, and Niagara Falls.

More than 328 million people live in the U.S., making it the third most populated country. Its economy is the biggest, with industries like manufacturing, finance, and technology.

The U.S. has a diverse population and a rich cultural history, from native peoples to European settlers. It leads in innovation, with many top tech companies based there. The large land area helps with research, especially in space and renewable energy.

The United States’ size, nature, diverse people, and strong economy make it an important country in the world. Its culture and politics have a significant impact globally.

5. Brazil: Area Occupied- 8,460,415 km²/ 5.6%

Brazil is the fifth-biggest country, covering 8,460,415 km², or about 5.6% of Earth’s land.

The landscape in Brazil is diverse, with the Amazon rainforest, grasslands, beaches, and mountains. It has many plants and animals, especially in the Amazon River Basin.

Brazil has the ninth-biggest economy, and it’s the top producer of coffee, soybeans, and orange juice. The country is also a leader in renewable energy, making ethanol fuel from sugarcane.

Brazil’s history and culture are influenced by indigenous, African, and European people. This mix has created a rich and colorful culture.

However, Brazil faces environmental challenges like deforestation, illegal logging, and mining. These problems damage the environment and threaten Brazil’s plants and animals.

Brazil’s size, culture, and resources make it an important country in the world. But it’s crucial to balance its growth with protecting the environment.

6. Australia: Area Occupied- 7,633,565 km²/ 5.2%

Australia is the sixth-biggest country, covering 7,633,565 km², or about 5.2% of Earth’s land.

The landscape in Australia is unique, with deserts, grasslands, tropical forests, and coasts. It has natural wonders like the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru, and the Twelve Apostles.

Australia has a large and successful economy, with industries like mining, agriculture, and tourism. The country is also a leader in renewable energy, working to lower carbon emissions.

Australia’s indigenous people have lived there for thousands of years, and their traditions still shape the culture.

However, Australia faces environmental challenges because of climate change. Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns can harm ecosystems, wildlife, and communities.

Australia’s size, unique geography, and culture make it an important country in the world. But it’s important to focus on sustainable development and climate action.

7. India: Area Occupied- 2,973,190 km²/ 2.0%

India is the seventh-biggest country, covering 2,973,190 km², or about 2.0% of Earth’s land.

India has diverse landscapes, with the Himalayas in the north and the Indian Ocean to the south. It has natural wonders like the Thar Desert, the Western Ghats, and the Sundarbans mangrove forest.

India’s economy is growing quickly, with industries like pharmaceuticals, information technology, and textiles. The country is also a leader in renewable energy, working on large solar, wind, and hydropower projects.

India’s diverse culture and history include ancient civilizations, various religious traditions, and colonialism.

India’s size, culture, and economic growth make it an important country in the world. But it’s essential to focus on sustainable development and social improvement.

8. Argentina: Area Occupied- 2,736,690 km²/ 1.8%

Argentina is the eighth-biggest country, covering 2,736,690 km², or about 1.8% of Earth’s land.

Argentina has a vast and varied landscape, with the Andes Mountains to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. It has natural wonders like Iguazu Falls, the Perito Moreno Glacier, and Tierra del Fuego National Park.

Argentina’s economy is one of the biggest in Latin America, with industries like agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. The country exports a lot of beef, wine, and soybeans.

Argentina’s culture is influenced by indigenous peoples, European settlers, and African slaves. Its contributions to literature, music, and sports are famous worldwide.

Argentina’s size, culture, and economic growth make it an important country in the world. But it’s important to focus on sustainable development and conservation to address environmental and social challenges.

9. Kazakhstan: Area Occupied- 2,699,700 km²/ 1.8%

Kazakhstan is the ninth-biggest country, covering 2,699,700 km², or about 1.8% of Earth’s land.

Kazakhstan has diverse landscapes, including flat steppes, mountains, and deserts. Its natural resources like oil, gas, and minerals have helped its economy grow.

Kazakhstan’s location between Europe and Asia makes it a center for trade and transportation. The country is part of the United Nations, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the Eurasian Economic Union.

Kazakhstan’s culture blends indigenous traditions, Russian influences, and Islamic heritage. The country is linguistically diverse, with Kazakh and Russian being the official languages.

Kazakhstan’s size, culture, and strategic location make it an important country in the world. Its focus on economic development, international cooperation, and cultural preservation shows its dedication to sustainability and progress.

10. Algeria: Area Occupied- 2,381,741 km²/ 1.6%

Algeria is a big country in North Africa. It’s the tenth largest in the world, which means it’s really huge! It has lots of different landscapes, like the coast, mountains, and a big desert called the Sahara. Algeria has a lot of natural resources, like oil, gas, and minerals that have helped its economy grow.

Because of its big size and where it is located, Algeria is an important country in the region. It is part of groups like the African Union, the United Nations, and the Arab League. Algeria has a mix of cultures and languages, including indigenous traditions, Berber influences, and Islamic heritage. Arabic is the official language.

Overall, Algeria is an important country because of its size, culture, and location. It wants to keep growing and developing while also taking care of its people and the environment.

Largest Country in the World List with Area


Why is Russia the largest country in the world by land area?

Russia is the largest country in the world based on its land area due to its geographical location. It is located on two continents: Europe and Asia, and spans 11 time zones. Its vast territory covers a diverse landscape ranging from the Arctic tundra to the subtropical beaches.

Is Antarctica a country?

Antarctica is 14 million square kilometers big, but it is not a country. It is a region that is mostly south of the Antarctic Circle. The Southern Ocean surrounds it, and no one lives there.

Which country has the smallest land area?

The smallest country in the world by land area is Vatican City, an independent city-state surrounded by Rome, Italy. It measures only 0.44 square kilometers and has a population of around 800 people.

Does a country’s land area determine its economic growth?

Not necessarily. Many factors contribute to a country’s economic growth, including natural resources, infrastructure, and innovation. While having a larger land area can create opportunities for resource exploitation and expansion, it doesn’t guarantee economic growth.


In conclusion, these are the largest countries in the world by land area. The ranking reflects the vast diversity found in geography, climate, and culture across the world.

While a country’s size might not be an indicator of its economic growth, it is essential to know the land area and geography where a special country stands. It is engaging to learn about the world’s topographical features, and these countries provide a exciting starting point to explore further.

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By Shirley
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