Top 10 Smallest Country in the World – List According to Area


There are more than 190 countries in the world, and each one is different in size, history, and geography. Some countries are big and extended out, but others are small and may have interesting or unique features.

This article looks at the 10 smallest countries in the world by land area in 2023. Some of these countries are only a small part of the size of bigger countries.

Smallest Country in the World

  1. Vatican City – 0.44 km²
  2. Monaco – 2.02 km²
  3. Nauru – 21 km²
  4. Tuvalu – 26 km²
  5. San Marino – 61 km²
  6. Liechtenstein – 160 km²
  7. Marshall Islands – 181 km²
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 261 km²
  9. Maldives – 300 km²
  10. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – 389 km²

Even though these countries are small, they each have their own history and traits. Many of them need help from bigger countries, while others have thriving tourism businesses or lots of natural resources.

No matter how big or small they are, each of these countries adds something important to the many different cultures and peoples that make up our world. We’ll learn more about these small countries and what makes them special in this piece.

Vatican City: 

With a size of only 0.44 square kilometers, Vatican City is considered the smallest country in the world. It is located in the city of Rome in Italy and is home to the Pope and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.


This tiny European country is only 2.02 square kilometers and is located on the French Riviera. Monaco is famous for its luxurious lifestyle, including its famous Monte Carlo Casino and the annual Monaco Grand Prix.


Located in the Pacific Ocean, this small island country is only 21 square kilometers in size, making it one of the smallest independent nations in the world. Its main industry is phosphate mining.


Another small island nation in the Pacific Ocean, Tuvalu has a land area of only 26 square kilometers. It is made up of nine coral atolls and is known for its stunning beaches and marine wildlife.

San Marino: 

This small country is entirely landlocked within Italy, covering an area of just 61 square kilometers. San Marino is one of the oldest republics in the world, dating back to the year 301 AD.


 Located between Switzerland and Austria, Liechtenstein is one of Europe’s smallest countries with a land area of only 160 square kilometers. This German-speaking country is known for its mountainous landscape and for being one of the world’s wealthiest countries.

Marshall Islands: 

This small country is located in the Pacific Ocean, covering an area of 181 square kilometers. It is made up of 29 coral atolls and 5 islands and is known for its rich marine life and stunning coral reefs.

Saint Kitts and Nevis: 

 Located in the Caribbean, this tiny island nation covers an area of just 261 square kilometers. It is known for its beautiful beaches, warm weather, and breathtaking scenery.


This chain of islands in the Indian Ocean covers an area of just 298 square kilometers. The Maldives are known for their luxurious resorts, stunning coral reefs, and crystal-clear waters.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines:

This group of islands in the Caribbean covers an area of 389 square kilometers. It is made up of 32 islands and cays, with stunning beaches and a tropical climate.

Smallest Country in the World


What is the 2 smallest country in the world?

Monaco is the second smallest country in the world, with a land area of 2.02 square kilometers. It is located on the French Riviera and is known for its luxurious lifestyle and tourist attractions.

What are the top 3 smallest countries in the world?

The top 3 smallest countries in the world according to their land area are:
Vatican City – 0.44 km²
Monaco – 2.02 km²
Nauru – 21 km²

Which country has the lowest population?

The country with the lowest population is Vatican City, with an estimated population of around 800 people. However, it is important to note that Vatican City is not an independent country, but rather an independent city-state that is located within the city of Rome in Italy.


In conclusion, the world has many countries with different cultures, histories, and landscapes. Due to location, history, and population density, some countries are small. Each of the top 10 smallest countries has something special to offer.

Vatican City, the world’s smallest country and home to one of the largest and largest religious groups, tops the list. Monaco, the second-smallest country, is famous for its grand prix events and lavish casinos. Know about Nauru, Tuvalu, San Marino, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Maldives, Saint Vincent, and the Grenadines.

Some of these countries are small but landlocked islands, limiting their growth. Due to their natural resources, tourism, and strategic locations, some of these little countries are among the world’s wealthiest. Due to their small size, many of these countries import most of their basic needs.

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By Shirley
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